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Statistics Primer
There are a lot of acronyms and statistics on this site that may seem confusing at first. You can find all the measurements used on Basketball State below in alphabetical order, with a short description and links to external sources where applicable.

Basketball State makes heavy use of "tempo-free stats." Perhaps "possession-based" is a more apt term, as they all use the possession as their cornerstone. Standard statistics use per-game averages. Even though games sometimes go into overtime, the possession provides a more consistent apples-to-apples basis of measurement. These stats are highlighted in blue in the list below.

What's a good number? Some of the more obscure stats below have shaded bars below their descriptions, which show the best, worst and average in those statistics for the 2012-13 season.

A, AST - Assists.

A/B%, A/B - Assisted Basket Percentage. Percentage of field goals made that are assisted.

Best: Saint Louis (73.9%)   Worst: New Orleans (32.5%)   National Average: 54.8%

Ast Rt - Assist rate. An estimate of the percentage of field goals a player assisted while on the floor. Formula: AST / ((Min * TeamFG) - FG) Read more here.

A/TO, A-TO - Assists to Turnover Ratio.

ASM - Average Scoring Margin. The total scoring margin of all games played in a season, divided by the number of games.

Blk - Blocks.

Blk Rt - Block rate. An estimate of the percentage of blocks a player registered while on the floor. Formula: (BLK * (TeamMin / 5)) / (Min * (OppFGA - OppThreePA))

B-PF, B/PF - Blocks to Personal Fouls Ratio. An indication of big men's "smarts" while on defense. Formula: Blk/PF.

Best: Kansas State (0.523:1)   Worst: Sacramento State (0.032:1)   National Average: 0.191:1

Conf - Conference.

Cost per Win - The number of wins in a season divided by the team's men's basketball budget (obtained from the Office of Postsecondary Education. The data on this site is current as of the 2008-09 season, the most recent data available.

D-PPP - Points allowed per defensive possession. See Possessions.

Best: South Carolina (0.67)   Worst: Delaware State (1.136)   National Average: 0.8838

DReb%, Def Reb % - Defensive Rebound Percentage. See Reb%.

Best: Coastal Carolina (82.0%)   Worst: Longwood (54.5%)   National Average: 69.1%

eFG% - Effective Field Goal Percentage. Formula: FGM + (0.5 x 3PM))/FGA Learn more here.

Best: Connecticut (60.1%)   Worst: Alcorn State (30.6%)   National Average: 44.3%

Efficiency, Eff - The NBA Efficiency Model, which attempts to reward key "good" stats and punish "bad" stats, all in one single statistical measurement. Formula: ((Pts + TReb + A + Stl + Blk) - ((FGA - FGM) + (FTA - FTM) + TO)) Learn more here.

National Leader: Shanice Steenholdt, Houston Baptist (24.2)   National Average: 4.684

EffPA - Effective Points Allowed. Normalized defense: defensive possessions per 40 minutes multiplied by points allowed per defensive possession.

Best: Presbyterian (45.0)   Worst: Sacramento State (97.0)   National Average: 64.82

EffPF - Effective Points For. Normalized offense: offensive possessions per 40 minutes multiplied by points per possession.

Best: Connecticut (89.0)   Worst: Alcorn State (44.0)   National Average: 64.38

EffMgn, EffMargin - Efficiency Margin. The difference between two team's efficiency on a per-game basis, presented as a positive or negative number. Formula: (O-PPP*100 - D-PPP*100)

Eff/Pos - Efficiency per Possession. A per-game statistic that measures a player's efficiency (see Efficiency, above) divided by the number of possessions in which the player was on the floor. Formula: Efficiency / (Player Minutes/Total Minutes in Game) * Team Possessions).

F - Personal fouls (on statistics and performances pages).

Fls - Foul differential on scoreboard pages, presented as the team which had fewer fouls in the game, along with the margin. Sample: MOST (-1)

FG-A, FGM-A - Field goals made and attempted.

FGPct, FG% - Field goal percentage.

Floor, Floor % - Floor Percentage. Measures the percentage of offensive possessions in which there is at least one point scored.

Best: Connecticut (49.3%)   Worst: Mississippi Valley State (23.5%)   National Average: 35.5%

FTPct, FT% - Free throw percentage.

FPG - Fouls per game.

FT-A, FTM-A - Free throws made and attempted.

FTProd - Free Throw Production. An indication of a team's ability to get to the free throw line. Formula: (FTM / FGA)

Best: Coastal Carolina (33.1)   Worst: Grambling State (12.5)   National Average: 21.6

FTRate - Free Throw Rate. Number of points scored from the free throw line, per possessions used. Learn more here.

Best: Coastal Carolina (0.223)   Worst: Grambling State (0.088)   National Average: 0.151

FTRateDef - Free Throw Rate Defense. Number of opponents' points scored from the free throw line, per (defensive) possessions used. Learn more here.

Best: Saint Francis (PA) (0.099)   Worst: Missouri-Kansas City (0.296)   National Average: 0.190

G - Games played.

L - Losses.

Last10 - Team record in its last 10 games.

Loc - Game location. Presented as H (home), A (away) or N (neutral).

M - Minutes played.

O-PPP - Offensive points per possession. See Possessions.

Best: Connecticut (1.206)   Worst: Mississippi Valley State (0.585)   National Average: 0.8775

O/D/T Rb - Offensive, defensive, and total rebounds.

OppeFG - Opponent's Effective Field Goal Percentage. See eFG%.

Best: Kansas State (31.3%)   Worst: Sacramento State (56.8%)   National Average: 39.5%

OppFGPct - Opponent's Field Goal Percentage.

OR - Offensive rebounds.

OReb%, Off Reb % - Offensive Rebound Percentage. See Reb%.

Best: Houston Baptist (51.7%)   Worst: Air Force (17.1%)   National Average: 33.5%

OppTR - Opponents' turnover rate. Measures the percentage of total defensive possessions that end in turnovers. Formula: Opp. TO/Opp. Poss

Best: Arkansas-Little Rock (33.0%)   Worst: Valparaiso (14.0%)   National Average: 22.4%

Pace - A somewhat arbitrary, color-coded label to indicate the number of possessions per game or the average number for a season. Oriented to the average number of possessions per game (69.9). Labels: Excruciating: 63 or fewer possessions, Slow: 64-70, Moderate: 71-83, Fast: 84-92, Very Fast: 93 and over.

PF - Personal fouls (in boxscores).

Play Pct, Play% - Play percentage. Dean Oliver's advanced formula for floor percentage, which omits offensive rebounds and is a more accurate measure of scoring "drives." Formula: [FG+0.4*FTA*(FG%*FG%+2*FG%*(1-FG%))]/(FGA+0.4*FTA+TO) Read more here.

PF - Points For (elsewhere).

Poss - Possessions. An approximation of the number of possessions a team receives per game or season, often shown rounded to the first decimal. Basketball State calculates possessions using the Pomeroy method. Formula: FGA-OR+TO+.42*FTA Learn more here.

Poss40, Pos/40 - Possessions per 40 minutes. Total number of season possessions, divided by 40.

Highest: Sacramento State (91.3)   Lowest: Villanova (56.2)   National Average: 73.32

PPWS - Points per Weighted Shot. Measures how efficiently a player translates field goal attempts and free throw attempts into points. Formula: PTS/(FGA + (0.475 x FTA)) Learn more here.

Best: Connecticut (1.24)   Worst: Alcorn State (0.70)   National Average: 0.957

Pts/P - Points scored.

Reb - Rebounds. Rebound differential on scoreboard pages, presented as the team which led the game in rebounds, along with the margin. Sample: CITA (+1)

Reb Rate - Rebound Rate. Percentage of opponents' missed shots that were rebounded successfully. Formulas: Team OReb% = TmOReb / (TmOReb + OppDReb); Team DReb% = TmDReb/ (TmDReb + OppOReb); Team Reb% = (Team OReb% + Team DReb%)/2

Best: Coastal Carolina (66.6%)   Worst: Air Force (38.3%)   National Average: 51.3%

RPI - Ratings Percentage Index. The NCAA's formula to measure relative team strength. Learn more here.

Scoring Poss - Scoring possessions. The number of total possessions that resulted in a score of at least one point. Formula: FG+0.4*FTA*(FT%*FT%+2*FT%*(1-FT%))

SPG - Steals per game.

St, Stl - Steals.

Stl Rt - Steal rate. An estimate of the percentage of steals a player registered while on the floor. Formula: ((FGA + 0.44 * FTA + Turnovers) * (TeamMin / 5)) / (Min * (TeamFGA + 0.44 * TeamFTA + TeamTurnovers))

Strk - Team Current Streak. Presented as a letter (W or L, for wins or losses) and the number of consecutive games won or lost.

ThreePct, 3PT%, 3% - Three-point field goal percentage. On cheastheets, acronym also applies to three-point field goal defense.

TS%, True% - True Shooting Percentage. Similar to Effective Field Goal Percentage (eFG%), but also factors in free throws. Formula: Pts/(2*(FGA + (.44*FTA))) Learn more here.

Best: Connecticut (62.4%)   Worst: Alcorn State (35.1%)   National Average: 47.8%

TO - Turnovers. Turnover differential on scoreboard pages, presented as the team which had fewer turnovers in the game, along with the margin. Sample: GMU (-1)

TO Rate, TO R - Turnover rate. Measures the percentage of total offensive possessions that end in turnovers. Formula: TO/Poss

Best: Western Carolina (13.8%)   Worst: Chicago State (36.8%)   National Average: 22.6%

TOF - Turnovers forced per game.

Highest: DePaul (27.5)   Lowest: Florida International (10.3)   National Average: 16.80

TOPG - Turnovers per game.

TwoPct, 2FG%, 2% - Two-point field goal percentage. Only includes field goals attempted from inside the three-point arc. On cheatsheets, acronym also applies to two-point field goal defense.

Best: Connecticut (60.7%)   Worst: Alcorn State (29.1%)   National Average: 42.9%

Usage %, Usg% - Usage percentage. An estimate of the percentage of team plays used by a player while on the floor. Formula: ((FGA + 0.44 * FTA + Turnovers) * (TeamMin / 5)) / (Min * (TeamFGA + 0.44 * TeamFTA + TeamTurnovers)) Read more here.

W - Wins.

X Win % - Dean Oliver's Expected Win Percentage. Formula: (PTS)^(16.5)/[PTS^(16.5) + PA^(16.5)]

2-A, 2P-A - Two-point field goals made and attempted.

3-A, 3P-A - Three-point field goals made and attempted.